Covert Narcissist

The Covert Narcissist: A Guide to Recognizing and Addressing Toxic Relationships

In the realm of romantic relationships, there exists a hidden personality style known as the covert narcissist. Unlike their more overt counterparts, covert narcissists are experts at concealing their true nature behind a mask of charm and empathy. Sometimes called vulnerable narcissists, these individuals can be incredibly toxic and are adept at disguising their self-centered behavior. Understanding their behaviors and tactics is crucial for maintaining your clarity, well-being, and sense of self. In this post I’ll explore the subtle signs and red flags that may indicate you’re in a romantic relationship with a covert narcissist and offer guidance on how to protect yourself.

Spotting a Covert Narcissist

Love Bombing

Covert narcissists often begin relationships with an overwhelming display of love and affection. They usually invest a good deal of time and energy and go to great lengths to convey their interest in you. It can feel wonderful to be on the receiving end of someone investing great effort in getting to know you and this is where your vulnerability begins.


Pay attention to your partner’s tendency to mirror your interests, values, and desires in the early stages of dating, which can make it challenging to discern their authentic self.

Charm, Empathy and Friendliness

Covert narcissists can be exceptionally charming and friendly, which makes it difficult to recognize their manipulative behaviors. They use their charm and empathy towards others to create a likable image and gain the trust of their partners.

Push-Pull Dynamic

Covert narcissists often engage in a “push-pull” dynamic, where they alternately draw their partner in with affection and then push them away, sometimes very subtly, with criticism or indifference. This creates confusion and emotional turmoil for their partner and it’s here where you may start to doubt yourself and wonder if you’re doing something wrong.

Sympathy-Seeking Behavior

Covert narcissists frequently seek sympathy and support by sharing their hardships or past traumas, which further can elicit care and concern from their partner. Sometimes they may describe situations where they were “the victim” but tell the story as if they came out on top, thereby framing themselves as strong and capable even though the story elicits sympathy.


Look for signs of gaslighting, where your partner consistently denies or minimizes their behaviors, emotions, or past promises, causing you to doubt your own perceptions and feelings. This is where confusion can really grip you.

Silent Treatment

Covert narcissists may employ the silent treatment as a form of control. They withdraw emotionally or physically, leaving you isolated and burdened with guilt, feeling as if you did something wrong but not truly understanding what it is.


Covert narcissists often maintain an air of secrecy about their actions, feelings, or relationships outside of yours, leading to feelings of mistrust. If someone is overly secretive about their past or present this is probably a red flag worth noticing.

Passive-Aggressive Behavior

Watch out for passive-aggressive tendencies, such as indirect expressions of anger or non-compliance with requests. If you try and communicate about their indirectness you will likely be gaslit in response which only creates more confusion and doubt in yourself.


If your partner consistently accuses you of possessing negative traits or flaws that are more applicable to themselves, they may be projecting their own issues onto you.

Sudden Idealization and Devaluation

Covert narcissists can swiftly transition from showering you with affection to criticizing, belittling, or devaluing you without apparent reason.


Be aware of signs of jealousy and competition introduced by your partner. Covert narcissists may flirt with others or mention ex-partners to provoke jealousy and insecurity in you. They may also stir up drama or division in groups of people and have a hard time keeping long-term friends.


Covert narcissists commonly use guilt as a manipulation tool. They frequently remind you of their sacrifices or what they’ve done for you, making it difficult for you to assert your own needs.


Be cautious if your partner tries to isolate you from friends and family, as this can indicate their desire for greater control over you.

Protecting Yourself from a Covert Narcissist

Trust Your Intuition

If something feels off in the relationship, don’t dismiss it. Your instincts and intuition are powerful tools for recognizing unhealthy dynamics.

Set Boundaries

Establish and enforce clear boundaries. Communicate your needs and expectations calmly and assertively. If they’re not respected, it’s best to move on.

Seek Support

Confide in friends, family, or a therapist about your concerns. Their perspective can offer valuable insights and emotional support. Because so much doubt is often created in this type of relationship, not getting other perspectives leaves you more vulnerable.


Prioritize self-care to maintain your mental and emotional well-being. Engage in activities that bring you joy and relaxation.

Consult a Therapist

If you suspect you’re in a relationship with a covert narcissist, consider seeking therapy. A mental health professional can provide guidance, tools, and strategies to cope with the situation and make informed decisions.

Consider Your Options

Evaluate whether the relationship is worth saving. Usually, distancing yourself from a covert narcissist may be the healthiest choice.

Dealing with a covert narcissist in a romantic relationship is usually emotionally draining and damaging to your self-esteem. Recognizing the signs and taking action to protect yourself is crucial. Remember, you deserve a relationship built on trust, respect, and mutual empathy. Don’t hesitate to seek professional help if you find yourself entangled with a covert narcissist. With the right support and good self-care, you can heal and move toward healthier, more fulfilling relationships in the future. Often, it’s despite of, not because of, the covert narcissist that a person can learn much about themselves, their needs, and their own blind spots even though the cost can feel high while still in or healing from the relationship.

Get Started Today

I offer individual counseling, couples therapy and premarital counseling. The issues I work with are diverse and range from problems arising from sudden circumstantial changes to long standing and complex struggles. My approach to counseling is varied since individual needs and circumstances inform the methods I use. I don’t approach any two people the same and personalize my methods for each situation and client. Click the button below to book a session and we can begin your journey to rediscovery.


To top